Incontinence is the lack of bladder control and is common in old people. Notably, incontinence is not a disease but a condition that exists as a symptom of another illness. Often, it affects 11 to 34 percent of older men, with up to 11 percent dealing with the condition every day. Additionally, affects men with prostate diseases mostly.
Types of incontinence
• Urge incontinence- it happens when the bladder contracts on its own hence causing leakage. Also, one can have the urge to urinate but fail to make it to the toilet on time, consequently leaking on self.
• Overflow incontinence- this happens when the bladder becomes full hence a leakage occurs.
• Transient incontinence- it is usually due to temporary issues like medication or urinary tract infection.
• Stress incontinence- leakage is caused by a spontaneous movement or pressure such as coughing or sneezing.
• Mixed incontinence- leakage can be caused by two or more of the mentioned types.
Male incontinence vulnerability
Age advancement is the primary cause of male incontinence. This is more so because old age is associated with diseases and conditions that can end up affecting one’s physiological functionality including holding back urine.
Lack of physical activity leads to one being overweight and decrease in the body’s ability to function accordingly. The increase in weight and especially at the mid-section of the body can exert pressure at the bladder, therefore causing leakage.
History of prostate conditions (prostate cancer and prostate enlargement) among others is also a causative factor of incontinence. Treatment of the said conditions can also lead to leakage of the bladder.
Neurological problems such as Alzheimer’s, multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson’s disease can affect the functionality of the brain, rendering it incapable of signaling the bladder and the urinary tract.
Causes of male incontinence
Several conditions cause male incontinence: infections on the urinary tract, narrowing or damage of the urethra, nerve damage, weak pelvic floor, neurological disorders, loss of sphincter strength, obstruction of the urinary tract, and prostate cancer. Prostate surgery can also cause male incontinence. Lifestyle factors that lead to male incontinence include smoking, drinking, and lack of engaging in physical activities.
Getting to know your health status is imperative in countering male incontinence. Additionally, it is advisable to have annual checkups to ensure that the condition is noticed early enough. Physical exams, digital rectal exams, and diagnostic tests are conducted to check the bladder’s state.
Preventing male incontinence
Male incontinence may not be entirely controllable due to its natural causes. However, one can live a lifestyle that minimizes the risks of the condition; eating a balanced diet, strengthening pelvic muscles, and refraining from alcohol and caffeine can help prevent male incontinence.